Mature Plant Size Guide

Plants, like the individuals of many species vary in mature size.  This is only intended as a general guideline in helping to identify plants or in aiding in determining the size and therefore appropriateness of a specific plant in a landscape. Many Desert cactus and succulents are very slow growing and only attain their maximum mature size after many years.  The Saguaro for instance may take 50 years to reach a size of 15-20 feet.

Click on the botanic name below to see more information about the specific plant.

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Less than 6 inches

Botanical Name

Common Names

 

Astrophytum myriostigma

Bishop’s Cap

Echinopsis eyriesii

Easter Lily cactus

Mammillaria grahamii

Arizona Fishhook Cactus

6 Inches to 1 foot in height

Botanical Name

Common Names

 

Agave victoriae-reginae

Queen Victoria’s Agave

Aloe vera

Aloe (common Aloe)

Echinocereus engelmannii

Englemann’s Hedgehog

Echinocereus fasciculatus

Bundle Hedgehog

1 Foot to 5 foot in height

Botanical Name

Common Names

 
     

Agave palmeri

Palmer Agave

Agave parryi var. huachucensis

Huachuca Agave

Agave vilmoriniana

Octopus Agave

Aloe saponaria

 

Cylindropuntia bigelovii

Teddy Bear Cholla

Cylindropuntia fulgida

Chain Fruit Cholla, Jumping Cholla

Cylindropuntia versicolor

Staghorn Cholla

Dasylirion wheeleri

Sotol, Desert Spoon

Echinocactus grusonii

Golden Barrel

Ferocactus wislizenii

Arizona Barrel, Candy Barrel

Hesperaloe funifera

Giant Hesperaloe, Coahuilan Hesperaloe

Hesperaloe parviflora

Red Yucca, red hesperaloe

Nolina microcarpa

Bear Grass

Opuntia microdasys

Bunny Ears

Opuntia santa-rita

Purple Prickly Pear

Peniocereus greggii

Queen of the night

5 foot to 10 feet in height

Botanical Name

Common Names

 

Agave americana

Maguey, Century Plant

Cereus hildmannianus - (C.peruvianus)

Hedge cactus, Queen of the Night

Opuntia engelmannii

Engelmann’s Prickly Pear

Opuntia engelmannii var. linguiformis

Cow’s Tongue Cactus

Opuntia ficus-indica

Indian Fig Prickly Pear, Mission Cactus

Opuntia santa-rita

Purple Prickly Pear

Pachycereus marginatus

Mexican Fence Post Cactus

Stenocereus thurberi

Organ Pipe Cactus

Yucca elata

Soaptree Yucca

Yucca gloriosa

 

Greater than 10 feet in height

Botanical Name

Common Names

 

Carnegiea gigantea

Saguaro

Fouquieria splendens

Ocotillo

Pachycereus schottii

Senita

Stenocereus thurberi

Organ Pipe Cactus

Yucca brevifolia

Joshua Tree